Text Books Book 1: Applied Physics by Dr. M. Chandra sekhar & Dr. Appala naidu, V.G.S. Book links Book 2 Introduction to Solid State Physics by C. Kittel, Wiley. Results 9 – 16 Download Applied Physics 2nd edition by Dr. P. Appala Naidu and more books of the same author and others for free. Journal of Applied Physics 68, (); . A. Ganguli, P. Appala Naidu, and D. P. Tewari, International Plasma Physics.

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When covalent crystals are doped with certain impurities, they becomes semi-conductors. It is a very good insulator of electricity.

They have high melting and boiling points. In mathematics, a sequence is an ordered list of objects or events. Hydrogen bonding and van der waals bonding are the examples.

Normally the states are solid state, liquid state, and gaseous state.

Applied Physics 2nd edition by Dr. P. Appala Naidu – Download free book

Nano materials by A. They possess high electrical and thermal conductivity.


Under the bonded condition the potential energy is minimum. Any body or structure that is capable of being charged, either with static. Protein-water interactions Water associated with proteins can be described as being one of the following three types: The mechanical, thermal, electrical and other properties of materials are related to applief bonding and structure. Covalently bonded atoms often produce an electric dipole configuration with hydrogen atom as the positive end of the dipole if bonds arise as a result of electrostatic attraction between atoms, it is known as hydrogen bonding.


Published by Joelle Dowless Modified over 3 years ago. Examples of metallic solids: The valence electrons from all the atoms belonging to the crystal are free to move throughout the crystal. They are soluble in both polar and non polar liquids. The bonding is relatively strong as compared to other dipole-dipole interactions. We think you have liked this presentation. Solid neon, Solid argon. Estimation of cohesive energy.

APPLIED PHYSICS. – ppt download

Since different covalent solids have very much different bond strengths, they exhibit varying physical properties. Metals are opaque to light. The arrangement of atoms in a solids is determined by the character, strength and directionality of the binding forces.


Bandyopadhyay, New Age International Publishers. A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another. Examples of ionic solids: They are soluble in polar solvents and insoluble in Non-polar solvents.

They are hard and brittle. Since no valence electrons lhysics available, such solids are good insulators of electricity. This type of bonding is called metallic bonding. Applied Physics by Dr. Pure covalent solids are good insulators of electricity at low temperatures. The bonds are made up of attractive and repulsive forces.

The bonds are made up of attractive and repulsive forces. Lecture-3 Cohesive energy of NaCl molecule: